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Molecular evidence for the origins of Antarctic fishes: paraphyly of the Bovichtidae and no indication for the monophyly of the Notothenioidei (Teleostei)


Par Cyril - Posté le 17 avril 2014

TitreMolecular evidence for the origins of Antarctic fishes: paraphyly of the Bovichtidae and no indication for the monophyly of the Notothenioidei (Teleostei)
Type de publicationMiscellaneous
Nouvelles publications1997
AuteursLecointre G, Bonillo C, Ozouf-Costaz C, Hureau JC
RésuméThe notothenioids are an Antarctic suborder of perciform fishes to which increasing interest is being devoted. To investigate their origin, one must address two questions. First, are Bovichtidae (Bovichtus, Cottoperca, Pseudaphritis), the sister-group of the rest of the suborder, monophyletic ? Secondly, what is the sister-group of the Notothenioidei ? These questions were addressed by determining the complete nucleotide sequence of the D2 and D8 domains of 28S rDNA (759 sites, among which 158 informative for parsimony), for 6 notothenioids and a collection of 6 outgroup taxa including the Trachinoidei and Zoarcoidei. Different outgroups (or combinations of outgroups) and different weighting schemes support the inference that Pseudaphritis is closer to the rest of the Notothenioidei than Cottoperca and Bovichtus are. Relationships of Cottoperca and Bovichtus remain unclear with respect to outgroups. Our molecular data therefore clearly show that the Bovichtidae are paraphyletic, but their relationships are not those suggested by Balushkin in 1992. Our data provide no indication of the monophyly of the Notothenioidei in its classical sense. Most of the homoplasy is due to outgroup sequences and interrelationships of outgroups are unresolved. Some morphological synapomorphies shared by Pseudaphritis and the rest of the non-bovichtid Notothenioidei are proposed, including some that were identified by Voskoboynikova in 1993.